FHSM VP-333
Xiphactinus audax (Leidy, J.H., 1870)

Taxonomy

Specimen Info

Kingdom
Animalia
Genus
Xiphactinus
Phylum
Chordata
Species
audax
Class
Actinopterygii
Author
Leidy, J.H.
Order
Ichthyodectiformes
Year
1870
Family
Ichthyodectidae
Collected by
Sternberg, G.F.
Date Collected
1952-07-04
Identified By
Bardack, D.
Date Identified
1905-05-18
Type
Number of Pieces
1
Description
Skeleton; Complete Skeleton,

Locality

Lithostratigraphy

Country
United States of America
State/Province
Kansas
County
Gove
Remarks
Information withheld. Please contact FHSM for detailed locality information
Group
Colorado
Formation
Niobrara
Member
Smoky Hill
Zone
Bed
Local Fauna

Chronostratigraphy

Biostratigraphy

Earliest Era
Mesozoic
Latest Era
Mesozoic
Earliest Period
Cretaceous
Latest Period
Cretaceous
Earliest Epoch
Upper
Latest Epoch
Upper
Earliest Age
Santonian
Latest Age
Santonian
Lowest Zone
Highest Zone

Publications (3 of 9)

Bardack, D., 1965. Anatomy and evolution of chirocentrid fishes. Kansas University Paleontology Contributions, Vertebrata, 10:87
Bardack, D., 1976. Paracanthopterygian and acanthopterygian fishes from the Upper Cretaceous of Kansas. Fieldiana Geology, 33:335-374
Cicimurri, D.J., 2001. An Elasmosaur with Stomach Contents and Gastroliths from the Pierre Shale (Late Cretaceous) of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 104:129-143
Schwimmer, D.R., 1997. Xiphactinus vetus and the distribution of Xiphactinus species in the eastern United States. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17:610-615
Shimada, K., 1997. Paleoecological relationships of the late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz). Journal of Paleontology, 71:926-933
Shimada, K., 2004. Shark-bitten Xiphactinus audax (Teleostei: Ichthyodectiformes) from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas. The Mosasaur, 7:35-39
Shimada, K., 2006. Annotated checklist of fossil fishes from the Smoky Hill Chalk of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas. , 35:193-213
Walker, M.V., Everhart, M.J.. 2006. The Impossible Fossil - Revisited. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 109:87-96
Barnes, B.M.S., Boyd, C.A., Person, J.J. 2017. Paleo Primer 2. North Dakota Geological Survey Educational Series, 35: